Day 1

February 22

Day 2

February 23

Day 3

February 24

Day 4

February 25




People Power by Patricio R. Mamot, a Marcos oppositionist who went on a 40-day fast to mourn Ninoy Aquino’s assassination, was the first substantial publishing effort to hit the stands, a month or so after the EDSA Revolution. (New Day Publishers, Quezon City. 1986)

Quartet of the Tiger Moon by Quijano de Manila (Nick Joaquin) takes the February event a day at a time. The National Artist renders “a panoramic view that shifts from Palace to street corner, ministry office to barricade.” (Book Stop, Inc., Metro Manila. 1986)

Breakaway by Cecilio T. Arillo, journalist-reporter on the staff of Juan Ponce Enrile, was the first to tell of the RAM’s failed coup plot and to offer close-up accounts of military moves and maneuvers by both rebel and government forces. (CTA & Associates, Metro Manila, May 1986)

Nine Letters by Cynthia Sta. Maria Baron and Melba Morales Suazo is a series of letters to the children of 1986 which record the four days when the Filipino spirit burst free. Starting with the climax, it works back to the events that made EDSA possible. (Gerardo P. Baron, New Manila, Quezon City. 1986)

On the Scene – The Philippine Prss Coverage of the 1986 Revolution is a compilation of major newspaper and magazine articles depicting the bloodless revolution, including editorials and cartoons, arranged chronologically and reprinted in full. Edited by Asuncion David Maramba. (Solar Publishing Corporation, Philippines, 1987)

People Power, edited by Monina Allarey Mercado, is a photo-history in black and white annotated by eyewitness accounts of people waxing euphoric and rhapsodizing on the “miracle” of EDSA. (Reuter Foundation, Metro Manila, 1986)

Bayan Ko! Images of the Philippine Revolt, in full color, was crafted by some of the world’s best photojournalists, veterans of the political theaters of our time, who had intimate access to the events of the four days. (Project 28 Days, Ltd., Hong Kong 1986, co-published in the Philippines by Veritas Publications and Communications Foundation, Inc.)

Worth Dying For by Lewis M. Simons recounts the flow of events from Ninoy Aquino’s assassination in 1983 to Cory’s people-powered victory. In 1986 Simons and two colleagues were awarded the Pulitzer Prize for international reporting and the George Polk Memorial Award for a series of articles exposing the billions of dollars drained from the Philippines by the Marcoses and their cronies. (William Morrow and Company, New York. 1987)

The Marcos Dynasty by Sterling Seagrave, investigative reporter in the Far East, tells the inside story behind the corruption of the Marcoses, which involved American busienss, organized crime, the Central Intelligence Agency, the Pentagon, and the White House. (Harper and Row, New York. 1988)

Impossible Dream by TIME Magazine’s Sandra Burton, who tape-recorded the shots that killed Ninoy Aquino, weaves her own experience into an account of Filipino history, starting in the Fifties when the paths of Ferdinand & Imelda and Ninoy & Cory crossed for the first time. (Warner Books, Inc., New York. 1989)

In Our Image by Stanley Karnow goes all the way back in history to the 16th century and details the carving of America’s empire in the Philippines. Karnow covers EDSA in fewer than 10 pages, for the most part documenting how the US State Department managed, long distance, the removal of Marcos from Malacañang Palace. (Random House, Inc., New York. 1989)

Ferdinand E. Marcos: Malacañang to Makiki by AFP Col. Arturo C. Aruiza, military aide of Marcos for 21 years, is the first book from the loyalist camp since EDSA. It details Marcos’s last days in Malacañang Palace, the flight via Clark, and his exile and death in Hawaii. (ACA Enterprises, Quezon City. 1991)



Asiaweek. Four Days That Ended An Era by Antonio Lopez, Lisa Beyer, Luningning Salazar. March 9, 1986.

Business Day. Reformists tell real story by Marites Dañguilan Vitug. February 28.

Business Day. PAF 15th Wing’s role in revolt cited. March 12.

Business Day. Bobby Ongpin’s Story by Daniel C. Yu. March 13.

Business Day. (1) When nation stood on throes of civil war, ‘twas awesome by Ernestro L. Tugaff. (2) Saga of Radio Veritas by Vic Lactaoen. March 21.

Malaya. (1) Cory in Cebu by Larry Sipin, (2) Presscon transcripts. February 23.

Midday Malaya. FM General Owns Veritas Attack Role. May 20.

Manila Chronicle. Media Event of the Year by Debbie Lozare. February 25, 1987.

Manila Chronicle. EDSA through the years by Joaquin G. Bernas, SJ. February 25, 1992.

Mr. & Ms. (1) 3 Days in February by Monica Feria, (2) Cristina Ponce Enrile: Portrait of a Woman in Waiting by Letty Jimenez Magsanoc, February 28-Marso 6.

Mr. & Ms. Cory’s love affair with the Filipino People by Hilarion M. Henares. March 7-13

Mr. & Ms. God was the hero by Fr. Francisco J. Araneta. March 14-20.

Philippine Daily Inquirer. (1) Coup didn’t stop Palace carpenters by Luis D. Beltran. (2) Days of Hope and Glory by Max Soliven. February 24.

Philippine Daily Inquirer. Victory to the People by Max Soliven. February 25.

Philippine Daily Inquirer. More forceful means to quell disorder by JP Fenix. Feb 23.

Philippine Daily Inquirer. "I’ll never surrender"- Enrile by Fernando del Mundo. Feb 23

Philippine Daily Inquirer. The day when heaven was empty by Hilarion M. Henares Jr. Feb 1988.

Philippine Daily Inquirer. Notes on EDSA: The "sea of people" and our exodus by Jaime Cardinal Sin. (Part II) Feb 24, 1989.

Philippine Star. Moment of Wild Abandon. Feb 25, 1988

Inquirer Extra. People Respond to Enrile-Ramos Call by Rey Lagonsin & Tony Bergonia. Feb 23.

Sunday Inquirer Magazine. Enrile tells his story. Part I. March 9, 1986

Sunday Inquirer Magazine. The Cardinal of the Revolution by Doreen G. Yu. April 13.

Sunday Inquirer Magazine. What’s Butz Aquino to Do? By Doreen G. Yu. June 1.

Sunday Magazine of Malaya. Savoring a Glorious Moment in History by Gus Miclat. March 23.

The Sunday Times. (1) Cory is safe in Cebu (2) Military stages rebellion (3) Enrile: Your time’s up (4) Nationwide Work Stoppage (5) Malacanang Calm (5) FM: I’m still in control. Feb 23.

The Sunday Times. Primetime Climax for Media War. Depthnews. March 23.

Time. Rebelling Against Marcos. March 3.

Veritas Special Edition. Coup! By Alfred McCoy, Marian Wilkinson, Gwen Robinson. Oct 1986.

Veritas. Like Watching a Suspenseful Movie ni Armida Siguion-Reyna. Mar 9.

We Forum. How People Power Erupted by Bert Corvera. Feb 25 – Mar 3.


Business Day. (1) Claims on strength conflict (2) Crowds stop Marcos tanks (3) Box, page 16. Feb 24.

Business World. Where were you duringthe ‘People Power’ Revolt? by Mike Marabut. Feb 24.

Malaya. (1) Cory urged to set up new govt. (2) Poor Nora Aunor by Benjie Guevara (3) Radio Veritas transmitter destroyed (4) Enrile rejects amnesty (5) Reagan doubts Marcos govt legitimacy (5) Cory to FM: Leave! By Larry Sipin and Ellen Tordesillas. Feb 24.

Malaya. Nameless heroes of the hour by Richie Benavides. Feb 28.

Mr. & Ms. Cory’s love affair with the Filipino People by Hilarion M. Henares. Mar 7-13.

Mr. & Ms. How great little lives went to war... by Margie Ongkeko-Abrera. Mar 21-27.

Philippine Daily Inquirer. (1) Attempt to knock Radio Veritas off the air by M. Dizon, (2) Majority of PC commands backing Ramos, Enrile? (3) Cory rallies behind Ramos-Enrile group by Belinda Olivares Cunanan (4) FM sets govt. troops’ stance (5) Enrile moves to Crame by Fe Zamora, (6) Enrile to Cory: Take over Presidency by Rey Arquiza (7) No to amnesty—Enrile by Joey Nolasco. Feb 24.

Philippine Daily Inquirer. The new government starts jelling by Belinda Olivares-Cunanan, Feb 26.

Sunday Inquirer Magazine. Enrile tells his story. Part II. Mar 16.

Sunday Times Magazine. A Rebellion that Defied All the Rules by Sheila Coronel. Mar 2.

The Manila Times. (1) Ramos Forms Army; New Forces For Cory by Sheila Coronel (2) Keithley’s longest night byJack M. Teotico. Mar 3.

Times Journal. Reagan tells FM to resign. Feb 25.

Time. Anatomy of a Revolution by William E. Smith. Mar 10.


Bulletin Today. (1) Enrile, Ramos bare defections by Reuter and Jose de Vera (2) People get treat of many surprises by Brenda Tuazon and Rod Villa (3) FM declares emergency (4) Ramos men seize MBS Channel 4 (5) Solons sign proclamation by EB Martinez and Vicente B. Foz. (6) AFP defections to Enrile-Ramos clique claimed by Jesus Bigornia. Feb 25.

Business Day. Encouragement and Praise for Enrile by Marites Danguilan Vitug. Feb 24.

Business Day. (1) FM Troops’ Assault Ends With Jubilation by Erwan Jourand (2) 'I’m Proud of You,' Cory Tells Followers. Feb 25.

Business Day. Ramos Calling the Shots by Marites Dañguilan Vitug. Feb 26.

Business Day. Just one of those days... by Behn Cervantes. Mar 14.

Malaya. (1) Sin sides with rebels by Noli Alparce (2) Aquino proclaimed today by Larry Sipin (3) I will not leave (4) First Family cowering in fear at Palace. Feb 25.

Mr. & Ms. A Day in the Life of Rebels with a Cause by Fe B. Zamora. Feb 28-Mar 6.

Mr. & Ms. Channels to Freedom by Candy Quimpo. Apr 7-13.

Philippine Daily Express. (1) Eyewitness tells taking of Channel 4 by Lito Mangasen (2) FM declares national state of emergency by Miguel Genovea. Feb 25.

Philippine Daily Inquirer. (1) A Historical but Confusing Day by Luis D. Beltran (2) Cruz submits resignation to Cory by Bing Formento. Feb 25.

Philippine Daily Inquirer. Marcos: last 80 hours in RP by JP Fenix. Feb 28.

Philippine Daily Inquirer. Marcos Family Sat Up All Night Monday by Belinda Olivares-Cunanan. Mar 5.

Philippine Daily Inquirer. FM wanted Inquirer shut down. May 29.

Sunday Magazine of Malaya. The Taking Over of MBS Channel 4 by Richie Benavides. Feb 28.

Sunday Magazine of Malaya. It could be the biggest assembly in our history. Mar 9.

Sunday Magazine of Malaya. It’s not your set, folks by Carrie Lorenzana. Apr 13.

The Manila Times. (1) Emergency orders defied (2) Mendiola Barricades Disappearing by Alan C. Robles. Feb 25.

The Manila Times. (1) Rebirth of Channel 4 by Jack M. Teotico. Feb 26.

Veritas. Col. Sotelo & the 15th Strike Wing: Turning the Tide in the Rebels’ Favor by Efren Danao. Mar 16.

Veritas Extra. A Pall of Gloom Settles Over Malacanang by Red Batario. Feb 25.


Business Day. (1) Marcos Loyalists Fire at Civilians (2) Marcos, Aquino Supporters Clash (3) Marcos Flees Angry Nation. Feb 26.

Business Day. Signs of Hasty Departure at the Palace by Mark Fineman. Feb 27.

Business Day. A morning in February by Behn Cervantes. Mar 17.

Malaya. (1) Exodus to provinces start by Elmer Mercado (2) Aquino sets up government by Larry Sipin (3) No pomp, no glitter for Cory by Larry Sipin (4) US recognizes Aquino govt (5) Marcos flees. Feb 26.

Malaya. Confronting history by Amadis Ma. Guerrero. Feb 28.

Mr. & Ms. Let no Prosperos & Johnnies-come-lately pollute the people’s victory by Cely Bacani-Abad. Mar 7-13.

Mr. & Ms. Manong Fabian Ver carried an Uzi by Max Soliven. Mar 14 -20.

Mr. & Ms. (1) How great little lives went to war... by Margie Ongkeko-Abrera (2) The Last Hours by Fe Zamora. Mar 21-27.

Philippine Daily Inquirer. (1) Enrile is Rambo by Belinda Olivares-Cunanan (2) New AFP has 85 % strength of AFP by Bing Formento (3) Two Marines die in Ch 9 firefight by Tony Bergonia (4) Aquino forms new government by Rey Arquiza (6) The sweet smell of liberty by Max Soliven. Feb 26.

Philippine Daily Inquirer. (1) Imelda sang all the way to Guam by Belinda Olivares-Cunanan (2) The end of the affair. Feb 28.

Sunday Times Magazine. Lino Brocka’s Election Drama by Lino Brocka. Mar 16.

The Manila Times. (1) Palace grounds look like abandoned picnic grounds (2) Inaugural showed old elite’s faces by Amando Doronila. Feb 26.

The Manila Times. (1) Palace Shows Signs of Frantic Escape (2) A Vindictive Spree of Looting and Vandalism by Alan C. Robles. Feb 27.

The Manila Times. Gringo is New Heartthrob Hero. Mar 1.

Veritas. Before and After the Fall by Andy Sevilla. Mar 2.

© Angela-Stuart Santiago